The following are links collected to assist you in learning more about water. If you would like to suggest additional links for this section please email

Fixtures and Appliances

It is quite remarkable to note the differences in water use between and among different appliances. It is also remarkable how a relatively easy and inexpensive amount of maintenance can have a dramatic impact on water use. The County offers these links or information only and neither recommends nor endorses any particular product. 

Appliance Energy Use
Green Seal
Green Building Program

Clothes Washer
Clothes Washer Study 
Energy Star - Clothes Washer
Laundry Rooms Save Water (Multi-family Properties)

Hot Water Heaters and On-Demand Systems
How Hot Water Recirculation Systems Work
On Demand Hot Water Systems
 (Metlund system)

Plumbing Toilets
World of Composting Toilets 

Water Treatment
Home Water


Generally, about 50% or more of our residential water use is out of doors. Though not common, we occasionally see people or businesses irrigating sidewalks, driveways and roads or parking lots along with their landscapes. Sometimes irrigation systems are operated during high wind, or more wastefully, when it is actually raining. Watering during the hottest part of the day increases evaporation and wastes water. A relatively easy and inexpensive change to irrigation practices or devices could save an enormous amount of ground water. For a personalized analysis of your irrigation practices, please call on Water Wise at 458-8278 Ext 2141. Water Wise is a service of the Extension Service of the University of Arizona, in part funded by Cochise County.

Water Wise

Efficient Use of Water in the Garden and Landscape
Evaporative Control Systems 
The Irrigation Association
Irrigation & Green Industry Network
Irrigation Training and Research Center
Landscape Irrigation Tutorials 
U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Water Resources Research Laboratory


Landscaping Practices and Xeriscape™ 

Over watering, even of low water use, desert tolerant plants is a common practice. We recommend you arrange a personalized analysis of your landscape practices by calling Water Wise at 458-8278 Ext 2141.
Backyard Conservation Tip Sheets USDA
Desert Landscaping: Plants for a Water-Scarce Environment (CD-ROM) Arizona
Landscape Water Conservation...Xeriscape
Planting and Maintenance Procedures
Turfgrass Information Center
Water Conservation Garden San Diego 
Wild Ones
"Xeriscape™ - A New Kind of Landscaping"

Artificial Turf

While natural turf certainly has its place, artificial turf is often a viable alternative, particularly where turf applications are decorative, or cover large expanses. Artificial turf eases the labor burden, the expense and time involved in weed and pest control and grooming as well as the costs of equipment associated with traditional turf. Most importantly, it not only eliminates the need for irrigation with ground water, but acts as a permeable mulch as it allows rain water to pass trough and infiltrate into the ground. the County presents these links for information only and neither endorses nor recommends any specific products.

FieldTurf | Home
Artificial & Synthetic Turf from 1st Turf
Natural Grass vs Artificial Turf Article

Greywater, Reuse, and Rainwater Harvesting

More than 90% of the limited amount of rain we receive in this arid sub-watershed each year simply runs off and evaporates. Gathering our normal annual rainfall (about 14 inches) on a 2000 square foot roof could, if used or put into the ground, replace the pumping of about 18,000 gallons of ground water. How many months of water use reflected on your water bill would that cover? Grey water use is now legal in Arizona as long as you keep it on your property and avoid using it to water vegetables. Grey water in Arizona is limited to laundry water and bathroom sink and tub or shower water. Kitchen sink, dishwasher and toilet water are not considered grey water. Using grey water on your landscape can save ground water.

Graywater Central
Rain Barrels 
Rainwater Harvesting

Swimming Pools and Spas 

It is already in the County Codes that new swimming pools require covers to help prevent evaporation. These links below can offer hints about pool and spa maintenance and practices which can help minimize the amount of ground water they use.

Aqua Online 
California Pool & Spa Association
Swimming Pool Equipment 
Tile, Coping, and Beam Repair for the Pool

Repairs and Water Savings 

With very little effort or expense you can contribute meaningfully to the reduction of ground water pumping.

Water Fountains Arizona


Conservation Tips 

Handbook of Water Use and Conservation 
Keep Midland Beautiful 
Tampa Bay Water
Water Education Water Awareness Committee



We've been in drought in this area for years now. Add drought to the fact that we are in a very arid part of the nation and water conservation makes imminent sense.

Water Meter 

Want to know if something is leaking in your house? If you are supplied by a water company, just turn off everything in the building that uses water. Don't forget the swamp cooler. Then look at you meter twice in 30 minutes. If it has moved - you have a leak somewhere. One of the first places to look is at the flappers on your toilets.

How to Read Your Water Meter 

Conservation Organizations 

American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy
California Water Efficiency Partnership
Cooling Technology Institute
Green Hotels Association
Water Education Water Awareness Committee
World Water Council


Water and Conservation Research Organizations 

American Water Resources Association 
Water Research Foundation
Arizona Water Resources Research Center
California Water Efficiency Partnership
Colorado Water Resources Research Institute
Hawaii Water Resources Research Center
High Country News
International Hydrological Programme
The Irrigation Association
New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute 
Pacific Institute
The Powell Consortium
Rocky Mountain Institute
Texas Waternet (Texas Water Resources Institute)
The Water Librarians' Home Page


US Federal Water Conservation Related Organizations 

American National Standards Institute
EPA — Surf Your Watershed
Lower Colorado Region
U.S. Department of Agriculture 
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. Geological Survey
WaterShare - Department of the Interior

State Conservation Links 

Arizona Municipal Water Users Association (AMWUA)